Amand E. M., Collins, S. J., Crowe, S., Girard, J., Naujokaitis-Lewis, I., Smith, A., Lindsay, K., Mitchell, S. and Fahrig, L. 2020.
Effects of farmland heterogeneity on biodiversity are similar to, or even larger than the effects of farming practices. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
288: 2-13.##Ball, D. A. 1992.
Weed seed bank response to tillage, herbicide and crop rotation sequence. Weed Science
40: 654- 656.##Ball, D. A. and Miller, S. D. 1993.
Cropping history, tillage, and herbicide effects on weed flora composition in irrigated corn. Agronomy Journal
85 (4): 817-821.##Booth, B. D., Murphy, S. D. and Swanton, C. J. 2003.
Weed ecology in natural and agricultural systems. First Ed. CABI Publishing. 303 p.##Booth, B. D., Murphy, S. D. and Swanton, C. J. 2004.
Invasive ecology of weeds in agricultural systems. In: Inderjit (Ed.). Weed Biology and management. Springer Publication Co. Kluwer, Dordrecht, The Netherlands. pp: 29-45.##Caporali, F. and Onnis, A. 1992.
Validity of rotation as an effective agroecological principle for a sustainable agriculture. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
41: 101-113.##Derksen, D. A., Anderson, R. L., Blackshaw, R. E. and Maxwell, B. 2002.
Weed dynamics and management strategies for cropping systems in the Northern Great Plains. Agronomy Journal
94: 174-185.##Dhole, J. A., Lone, K. D., Dhole, N. A. and Bodke, S. S. 2013.
Studies on weed diversity of wheat (Triticum aestivum
L.) crop fields of Marathwada region. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Science
2 (6): 293-298.##Gabriel, D. and Tscharntke, T. 2007.
Insect pollinated plants benefit from organic farming. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
118: 43-48.##Hosseini, A., Zamani, G. R., Zand, E. and Mahmoudi, S. 2013.
Community structure and species composition of water weeds in wheat (Triticum aestivum
) fields of South Khorasan province. Journal of Agroecology
4 (4): 307- 315. (In Persian with English Abstract).##Hyvönen, T., Ketoja, E., Salonen, J.,Jalli, H. and Tiainen, J. 2003.
Weed species diversity and community composition in organic and conventional cropping of spring cereals. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
97: 131-149.##Jafarzadeh, N. and Minbashi Moeini, M. 2014.
Community structure and weed mapping of irrigated wheat fields in West Azarbijan province. Journal of Weed Ecology
2: 55-70. (In Persian with English Abstract).##Kamal-Uddin, M. D., Juraimi, A. S. H., Begum, M., Ismail, M. R., Abdul Rahim, A. and Othman, R. 2009.
Floristic composition of weed community in turf grass area of West Peninsular Malaysia. International Journal of Agricultural Biology
11: 13-20.##Khobragade, D. P. and Sathawane, K. N. 2014.
Weed diversity in rabi wheat crop of Bhandara district (MS), India. International Journal of Life Sciences
A2: 128-131.##Koocheki, A., Nassiri Mahallati, M., Tabrizi, L., Azizi, G. and Jahan, M. 2007.
Assessing species and functional diversity and community structure for weeds in wheat and sugar beet in Iran. Iranian Journal of Field Crop Research
1: 105-129. (In Persian with English Abstract).##Kooler, M. and Lanini, W. T. 2005.
Site-specific herbicide applications based on weed maps provide effective control. California Agriculture
59: 182-187.##Kudsk, P. and Streibig, J. C. 2003.
Herbicides: A two-edged sword. Weed Research
43: 90-102.##Legere, A. and Derksen, D. A. 2000.
Weed community diversity and cropping systems: Concepts and applications. Proceeding of The 3rd
International Weed Science Congress. June 6-11, 2000, Foz do Iguassu, Brazil.##Legere, A., Stevenson, F. C. and Benoit, D. L. 2005.
Diversity and assembly of weed communities: Contrasting responses across cropping systems. Weed Research
45: 303-315.##Lososova, Z., Chytry, M., Kuhn, I., Hajek, O., Horakova, V., Pysek, P. and Tichy, L. 2006.
Patterns of plant traits in annual vegetation of man-made habitats in central Europe. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics
8: 69-81.##Liina, E. M., Jarvan, A., Adamson, E., Lauringson E. and Kuht, J. 2012.
Weed species diversity and community composition in conventional and organic farming: A five-year experiment. Zemdirbyste
99 (4): 339-346.##Markazi Agriculture-Jahad Organization. 2019.
Table of statistics. Agricultural statistics of Markazi province. From https://jkm.maj.ir/Index.aspx?page.##Mateinzadeh, H., Alimoradi, L. and Behari Keshani, R. 2011.
Evaluation of weed species, functional and structural diversity in apple gardens of Faryman. Journal of Weed Ecology
2 (1): 19-31. (In Persian with English Abstract).##Minbashi Moeini, M., Baghestani, M. A. Rahimian, H. and Aleefard, M. 2008a.
Weed mapping for irrigated wheat fields Tehran province using geographic information system (GIS). Iranian Journal of Weed Science
4: 97-118. (In Persian with English Abstract).##Minbashi Moeini, M., Baghestanii, M. A. and Rahimian, H. 2008b.
Introducing abundance index for assessing weed flora in survey studies. Weed Biology and Management
8: 172-180.##Noruzzadeh, S., Rashed Mohasel, M. H., Nassiri Mahallati, M., Koocheki, A. and Abbaspoor, M. 2009.
Evaluation of species, functional and structural diversity of weeds in wheat fields of Northern, Southern and Razavi Khorasan provinces. Iranian Journal of Field Crop Research
6: 471-485. (In Persian with English Abstract).##Padarlo, A., Bazoobandi, M., Alimoradi, L. and Jahedipoor, S. 2008.
Calculation of Shanon-Weiner and Simpson index in weeds community of saffron fields. Proceedings of the 2nd
Iranian Weed Science Congress, January 29-30, 2008, Mashhad, Iran. (In Persian).##Plaza, H., Eva, M., Bastida, F., Yésica, P., Inmaculada, I. and José Luis, G. A. 2016.
Relationship between weed diversity and crop yield in Spanish wheat fields. Proceeding of 6th
Meeting of the EWRS Working Group: “Weeds and Biodiversity”. September 28-29, 2016, Riga, Latvia.##Poggio, S. L., Satorre, E. H. and Delafuente, E. B. 2004.
Structure of weed communities occurring in pea and wheat crops in the Rolling Pampa Argentina. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment
103: 225-235.##Pushak, S., Peterson, D. and Stahlman, P. W. 1999.
Field bindweed control in field crops. New York. John Wiley and Sons, Inc.##Renne, I. J. and Tracy, B. F. 2007.
Disturbance persistence in managed grasslands: Shifts in aboveground community structure and the weed seed bank. Plant Ecology
190: 71-80.##Richner, N., Holderegger
, L., Linder, H. P. and Walter, T. 2015.
Reviewing change in the arable Europe: A meta‐analysis. Weed Research
55: 1-13.##Rowe, E. C., Healey, J. R., Edwards-Jones, G., Hills, J., Howells, M. and Jones, D. L. 2006.
Fertilizer application during primary succession changes the structure of plant and herbivore communities. Biological Conservation
131: 510-522.##Schumacher, M., Ohnmacht, S., Rosenstein, R. and Gerhards, R. 2018.
How management factors influence weed communities of cereals, their diversity and endangered weed species in central Europe. Agriculture
8: 172. doi:10.3390/agriculture8110172.##Simpson, R. L., Leck, M. A. and Parker, V. T. 1989.
Seed banks: General concepts and methodological issue. In: Leck, M. A., Parker, V. T. and Simpson, R. L. (Eds.). Ecology of soil seed banks. pp: 3-8.##Singh, A., Singh, S. and Dangwal, L. R. 2018.
Diversity of weed species in wheat fields of district Rajouri, Jammu and Kashmir. Agricultural Science Digest
38 (1): 1-10.##Storkey, J. and Westbury, D. B. 2007.
Managing arable for biodiversity. Pest Management Science
63: 517-523.##Storkey, J., Bruce, T. J. A., McMillan, V. E. and Neve, P. 2019.
The future of sustainable crop protection relies on increased diversity of cropping systems and landscapes. In: Lemaire, G., De Faccio Carvalho, P. C., Kronberg, S. and Recous, S. (Eds.). Agroecosystem diversity. Academic Press, Cambridge, MA, USA. pp: 199-209.##Thomas, A. G. 1985.
Weed survey system used in Saskatchewan for cereal and oilseed crops. Weed Science
33: 34-43.##Trichard, A., Alignier, A., Chauvel, B. and Petit, S. 2013.
Identification of weed community traits response to conservation agriculture. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment
179: 179-186.##Veisi, M., Rahimian Mashhadi, H., Alizadeh, H., Minbashi Moeini, M. and Oveisi, M. 2014.
Weed flora change in irrigated wheat fields of Kermanshah after a decade. Iranian Journal of Weed Science
10: 1-20. (In Persian with English Abstract).##Yun-He, H. and Sheng, Q. 2014.
Analysis of farmland weeds species diversity and its changes in the different cropping systems. Bulgarian Journal of Agricultural Science