مطالعه برهمکنش همزیستی میکوریزایی، کاربرد خاکی و محلول پاشی کود فلومیکس بر عملکرد و برخی ویژگی های کیفی گیاه ذرت (Zea mays L.) در شرایط رقابت با علف های هرز

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران

2 کارشناس ارشد، گروه زراعت و اصلاح نباتات، دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه صنعتی شاهرود، شاهرود، ایران

چکیده

به‌منظور بررسی تأثیر کاربرد قارچ میکوریزا، محلول‌پاشی و کاربرد خاکی کود فلومیکس بر عملکرد و برخی ویژگی­های کیفی گیاه ذرت، آزمایشی به‌صورت فاکتوریل در قالب طرح بلوک‌های کامل تصادفی در سه تکرار در مزرعه تحقیقاتی دانشکده کشاورزی دانشگاه شاهرود در سال زراعی 93- 1392 اجرا شد. در این آزمایش، همزیستی میکوریزایی در دو سطح شامل بدون هم‌زیستی و هم‌زیستی قارچ میکوریزا، محلول‌پاشی فلومیکس در سه سطح شامل بدون مصرف، یک­بار مصرف و دو بار مصرف و کاربرد خاکی فلومیکس شامل بدون مصرف، یک‌بار مصرف و دو بار مصرف اعمال شد. نتایج تجزیه واریانس بیانگر افزایش معنی‌دار صفات کلونیزاسیون ریشه و فسفر دانه تحت تأثیر هم‌زیستی میکوریزا و محلول‌پاشی فلومیکس بود. کلونیزاسیون ریشه و عملکرد دانه تحت تأثیر محلول‌پاشی و کاربرد خاکی فلومیکس قرار گرفتند. نتایج مقایسه میانگین نشان داد که تیمار کاربرد قارچ میکوریزا + دو بار محلول‌پاشی فلومیکس، مقدار کلونیزاسیون ریشه و فسفر دانه را به­ترتیب از 22/37 درصد و 83/1 پی‌پی‌ام در تیمار بدون کاربرد قارچ و محلول‌پاشی به 22/67 درصد و 06/5 پی‌پی‌ام افزایش داد. تیمار کاربرد قارچ میکوریزا + دو بار محلول‌پاشی فلومکیس توانست میزان عملکرد دانه را از 1144 کیلوگرم بر هکتار در تیمار بدون کاربرد قارچ میکوریزا + بدون محلول­پاشی به 2155 کیلوگرم در هکتار افزایش دهد.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The effect of Mycorrhizae symbiosis, soil and foliar spray of Flomix on grain yield and some qualitative characteristics of corn (Zea mays L.) in weeds competition

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hamid Abbasdokht 1
  • Ramin Jabbari 2
  • Hassan Makarian 1
  • Ahmad Gholami 1
1 Assoc. Prof., Dept. of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran
2 M. Sc., Dept. of Agronomy and Plant Breeding, Faculty of Agriculture, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Iran
چکیده [English]

To study the interaction between mycorrhizae symbiosis, soil and foliar spary of Flomix on  yield and yield components of corn (Zea may L.), an experiment was carried out as factorial based on randomized complete block design with three replications in Agriculture Research Staion of Shahrood University of Technology in 2014. The treatments included mycorrhizae symbiosis at two levels (non-application and application of mycorrhizae), foliar spray at three levels (non-application, once sprayed and twice sprayed) and soil spray at three levels (non-application, once soil application and twice soil application). The results showed that interaction between mycorrhizae symbiosis, foliar spray of Flomix indicate a significant effect on root colonization and grain P and increased this traits. Also root colonization and grain yield was affected by interaction between mycorrhizae symbiosis and soil spray of Flomix. Mean comparisons showed that Mycorrhizae application+ twice foliar spray of Flomix respectively increased root colonization and grain P from 37.22 percent and 1.83 ppm in non-application of mycorrhizae + non-spray of Flomix to 67.22 percent and 5.06 ppm. Also Mycorrhizae application + twice foliar spray of Flomix increased grain yield from 1144 Kg/ha in non-application of mycorrhizae + non-spray of Flomix to 2155 Kg/ha.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Chlorophyll
  • Colonization
  • Phosphorus
  • protein
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